distracted driving

Distracted Driving in BC: What You Need to Know

All licensed drivers have been taught the rules for driving safely, including no tailgating, signal before turning and not mixing drinking alcohol and driving. One rule that British Columbia drivers find all too easy to break, however, is avoiding distracted driving.

What is Distracted Driving?

Distracted driving refers to driving while participating in activities that impact the driver’s ability to focus on the road. It can result from visual distractions inside or outside the vehicle or from cognitive distractions such as conversations and using electronic devices.

Distracted Driving Statistics

Although you may pride yourself on the ability to multi-task, distracted driving is more dangerous than you may realize. Police statistics indicate that 27 per cent of all traffic fatalities in BC are the result of distracted driving. There is an average of 81 fatalities annually as a result of distracted driving – behind only speeding, with 94 and ahead of impaired driving with 78.

In fact, most rear-end accidents that result in injury are due to distracted driving. Injuries to the upper spine and neck (e.g., whiplash) are the most common ailments resulting from rear-enders and may require a visit to your physician and a course of physiotherapy.

distracted driving fatalities

More Dangerous Than Drinking and Driving?

One of the most common causes of distracted driving is the use of personal electronic devices. Research has shown that when you’re simultaneously driving and talking on a cellphone you lose 50 per cent of your awareness of what is going on around you, so you’re ripe for an accident. In fact, you are five times more likely to crash if you’re talking on your cellphone.

Even though 90 per cent of B.C. drivers surveyed in 2015 by Ipsos rated texting while using a cellphone as more dangerous than drinking and driving, one in five of them – 20 per cent – admitted to texting or making a call using a hand-held device recently while driving.

Distracted Driving Laws in BC

The British Columbia government amended the Motor Vehicle Act in 2010 to include hand-held devices. According to the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC), section 214.2 of the Act tells motorists that “a driver cannot operate a hand-held electronic device (including hand-held cellphones, smart phones, tablets and other electronic hand-held devices such as music players, GPS Navigation Systems, etc.). Also, a driver cannot communicate using text messages or email on any type of electronic device.

“Drivers with a regular licence are permitted to use hands-free cellphones and devices that can be operated with one touch or voice command, provided that the device is securely fixed to the vehicle or worn securely on the driver’s body.”

Anyone who is first earning a driver’s license through the province’s Graduated Licensing Program (GLP) is forbidden from using hands-free cellphones while driving.

penalties in bc

Penalties for Distracted Driving in BC

Beginning June 1, 2016, the B.C. government increased the penalties for using a hand-held device while driving. A ticket for a first distracted driving moving violation more than doubled in cost to $368 (from $167) and adds four points to the driver’s record.

There is also an additional $175 ICBC Driver Penalty Point premium, which brings the total fine to $543, plus the points. Fines become steeper as infractions mount.

Distracted driving is also considered one of the high-risk driving infractions that lead to early intervention and driving prohibitions as part of B.C.’s Driver Improvement Program. Any driver who collects two or more violations within a 12-month period will have their driving record reviewed by the program and may be prohibited from driving for three to 12 months.

Any beginning driver who is part of the GLP will be subject to licence review after one infraction and may be prohibited from driving for one to six months, with more severe penalties for further infractions.

What’s Permitted – and What Isn’t

To avoid any of the aforementioned penalties, be aware of what is and isn’t true about distracted driving:

Red Lights Mean Stop Texting. Contrary to popular opinion, you are NOT permitted to text or use a hand-held device while stopped at a red light or in traffic. You are still behind the wheel and it is still against the law.

I’ll Just Play Music. It’s against the law to use ANY features of your hand-held device while driving. So, no checking voicemail, choosing songs or looking at a GPS.

Speakerphones Are Fine. You can use a hands-free cellphone with a Bluetooth or wired headset, but your phone must be securely attached to your body (via a belt clip or in your pocket), rather than lying loose on the seat, in your lap or in your cup holder.

Emergency Calls Are OK. You are exempt from penalties if you are calling 9-1-1 about an emergency requiring fire, police or ambulance service. However, the exemption doesn’t extend to family emergencies.

Now that you know the rules about driving distractions, stick to them. If you can’t resist the temptation to use your phone, try locking it in the trunk while driving, or pull over to the side of the road to take calls. It’s not worth your life to take your mind off your driving.

Have you been INJURED in a car accident?

Car Crash

What To Do Following a Car Crash

Being the victim of a car crash can be a jarring and frightening experience. Whether it is a minor fender bender or a major motor vehicle accident, it is a scary and inconvenient occurrence, often leaving you with a feeling of “what now?”

Why Motor Vehicle Accidents Happen

Car accidents can happen due to several combining factors:

  • Speed: speed kills, period. There are posted limits on all roads in BC for a reason; sadly not everyone abides by these limits. Speeding is one of the leading causes of car crash fatalities in the province. You can practice safe driving by slowing down, passing with care and keeping a safe distance between other cars.
  • High-risk driving, such as pulling into traffic without giving yourself enough time or space, tailgating, or failing to yield, are all high-risk driving behaviours
  • Distracted driving: Texting, talking on your phone without a hands-free device is distracting and contributes to accidents.
  • Impaired driving: This is not only dangerous but also illegal. Always plan a safe ride home if you’ve been drinking. You’ll be helping to keep our roads safer for everyone.

What To Do Following a Car Crash?

Although you may be feeling frightened after a car crash, it’s important to stay calm and follow the protocol listed below. Ensure that you or anyone else involved in the accident does not require immediate medical attention. If anyone does require immediate medical attention, dial 9-1-1 for assistance.

If immediate medical attention is not required, usually emergency responders (such as police, fire and paramedics) will not attend the scene.

When the vehicles have been pulled over to a safe spot, or emergency personnel have secured the scene, and it is safe to do so, you will need to exchange the following information with the other party involved in the accident:

  1. The license plate number and the year, make, and model of each vehicle involved
  2. Your personal information, including your name, address, and driver’s license number
  3. The names and address of the owners of the vehicles (if you’re not the owner)
  4. The name of your insurance company
  5. Your phone number, if necessary

If there were any witnesses to the accident, be sure to get their names and any necessary contact information, such as phone number, email or address. Further, if the police are on the scene, be sure to ask for the police file number for your reference.

If you have a camera (e.g. on your cell phone), and if it is safe to do so, you should take pictures of the accident scene and surrounding area. Include the intersection or area of the road, any skid marks on the pavement, damage to all vehicles involved, and any visible injuries to yourself that have appeared (bruises or lacerations).

Once the scene has been secured and you are finished with all involved parties (witnesses and drivers) and emergency responders, you should seek medical attention to have your injuries assessed and documented by a medical professional. If possible, you may want to get a friend or family member to take you to the hospital, your doctor or a walk-in clinic.

Finally, after you have received the appropriate medical attention, contact your insurance company. If you get your insurance through ICBC, call the Dial-a-Claim service at 604-520-8222 (Lower Mainland) or 1-800-910-4222 outside of the Lower Mainland.

During this phone call, you will report the accident by giving the pertinent details about the accident, as well as a description of how the accident occurred. You will be assigned an ICBC claim number and an appointment to meet with an ICBC estimator and adjuster. The estimator will assess the damage to your vehicle while the bodily injury adjuster will discuss your injury claim with you.

Have you been INJURED in a car accident?